Patton, M. Q. Instructional policy and classroom performance: The mathematics reform in California. Is there a nation-wide priority? PS participated in its design and and performed statistical analysis. In our study we were amazed at the number of teachers who initially indicated to be interested to take part, received all the information and monthly mails, to finally fail to respond to any of the PI’s mails asking for the results. British Journal of Educational Studies, 60(4), 448–450. Teachers were able to analyse the pre- and post-intervention test according to the same format the researchers were using and discuss this with their students. Individual professional journal web sites frequently have continuing education articles available for low or no cost to subscribers, and specialty organization web sites typically include links to society journals or other continuing education course offerings. September 1st 2015 was indicated as starting point of the test phase and February, 15th 2016 as the rounding off date. (2001). (2001) note that ‘the opportunity to link the ideas introduced during professional development experiences to the teaching context in which teachers work’ is likely to contribute to active participation, and thereby avoid the ‘passive learning typically characterized by listening to a lecture’ (Desimone … Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 26(1), 1–22. Teachers and school district administrators, particularly in the United States, are increasingly turning to teacher virtual professional development (VPD) to stay current and learn new pedagogical knowledge and skills. Changes in society's expectations mean that school teachers need to be able to use computers in education with minimal anxiety. Initially 17 teachers spread over five schools agreed to take part in an introductory meeting. Guskey, T., & Sparks, D. (2002). Teachers were provided with a code and a password to be able to access the teacher area of the website. Fishbein, M., & Yzer, M. C. (2003). For many teachers, professional development has been viewed as a task that generally involves a 1-day in-service training or workshop, with little or no expectation of what the teacher should do with the information or how the teacher should share the information with other colleagues (Garet et al., 2001; Guskey & … In addition, teachers in high-achieving schools indicated receiving professional development modeled as Professional Learning … content supports teacher learning within their . While many studies examine the effects of TPD strategies, fewer studies target the specific important components of these strategies. Purpose: Teachers' continuing professional development (CPD) should improve teacher quality and teaching practices, though teachers vary in the extent to which they participate in CPD activities. ��-�w%~{�P�����d$s All the parents of the students aged under 18, that were recorded in a pre- and post-intervention test (in test phase 1 and 2), received a mail from their teachers or headmaster, explaining the purpose of the research. In our case study teachers showed various signs of professional development. The procedure prescribed the order of presenting the chapters concerning the six error type categories. Invest in either finding the best teachers or providing exceptional professional development to help them become the best. (2012). Teachers need time to test and adapt a teaching design to fit the needs of their classroom practice and the students’ needs. A. statement and Creating personal meaning through technology-supported science inquiry learning across formal and informal settings. Kreijns, K., Vermeulen, M., Kirschner, P. a., van Buuren, H., & van Acker, F. (2013). Minimizing the teacher’s input enhances the validity of the CAPTT’s effect on the post-intervention results. Embedding design patterns in a methodology for a design science of e-Learning. New Orleans, LA: Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. And now, we’re a whole lot better! New York: Psychology Press. The pre- and post-intervention test provided data on student results before and after working with the CAPTT. Of the 15 secondary school teachers seven teachers met the deadline. Two teachers indicated they were using the recording devices for other tasks now. Read More. Basics of Qualitative Research Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, 32–42. Finally four new teachers teaching bachelor students and four new secondary school teachers taught the seven lessons and handed in the pre- and post-intervention test results of the second test phase. The text addresses the theme of teachers’ professional development. A review of publications in Teaching and Teacher Education over ten years (2000–2010) on teacher professional development is the subject of the paper. One teacher could not find the time for an interview. Meiers, M., & Ingvarson, L. (2005). Its effects are much larger than the effects of school organisation, leadership or financial conditions (Hattie 2009, 2012; Meiers and Ingvarson 2005; Veen et al. This, however, means that certain conditions at a teacher’s workplace should already be met before this first step can be taken. Teacher professional development: Keys to basic school teachers' curriculum practice success in Ghana. Washington, DC: Council of …, 1–59. Adopting the Integrative Model of Behaviour Prediction to explain teachers’ willingness to use ICT: A perspective for research on teachers’ ICT usage in pedagogical practices. Using the mobile phone or a tablet as a recording devise is a cost-effective way to gather sound data. professional development more aligned to the 12 National Standards Development Council (NSDC) standards for quality professional development than teachers in low-achieving schools. Desimone, L. M., & Le Floch, K. C. (2004). The website only offered the necessary information to address the six error types. Journal Of Higher Education is an independent refereed journal. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-017-0059-9, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-017-0059-9. All the teachers who took part in the first test phase were invited to take part in a semi-structured interview. Translating Teaching Practice into Improved Student Achievement. The teachers were also instructed to only use the CAPTT’s introduction to introduce the topic (English pronunciation) and to use no more than five minutes to introduce each chapter, using the background information on phonetics provided by the CAPTT in the teacher’s section. 259–275). Based on the outcome (students’ results), feedback and teaching experiences from teachers (and students), gathered after the first test phase, the teaching design was reviewed and slightly adapted in order to be tested again to find out whether teachers’ and students’/pupils’ feedback and idea-input had improved the design, led to better (student) results and showed proof of significant teacher professional development. CiteScore: 5.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 5.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. Tips for Teachers This library of theme-specific sets of tips range from pointers for the first day of class to how to incorporate current events and news into your pedagogy. Kelly Gfroerer, PhD, LPC. Volumes 1 and 2. About 70% of the teachers claimed to have adjusted their pedagogy concerning teaching pronunciation, feel more competent to teach pronunciation or focus more on their own pronunciation. International Journal of Language Studies, 9(4), 55–80. Reviewers often sort programs according to design features such as program duration, intensity, or the use of specific techniques such as coaches or online lessons, but these … What happens if the necessity for active participation in the intervention programme is absent, the researchers and programme leaders are no longer visiting the workplace and there is no request for pre- and post-intervention data on student achievement and teacher skills anymore? Considerations for Designing Professional Development in Science: Planning, Implementing, and Sustaining Planning Professional Development. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 22(1), 55–71. agenda for online teacher professional development. A design framework for online teacher professional development communities. California Privacy Statement, Lead paper presented at the 1st National Conference of the Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. It provided students with seven chapters: one introduction on the topic of English pronunciation and six chapters covering six error type categories. Journal of Teacher Education, 60 (1), 8-19. Ten out of 13 teachers commented on the intervention being important. Reading time: 3 minutes. One teacher claimed that she had always focussed on pronunciation in the past and that she had corrected students on the spot, but that she had never used a structured approach before. However, there is also an external force that pressures them to use the CAPTT (extrinsic). A student without a phone or tablet could always borrow a fellow student’s phone to record a task in class. The success of the largest education reform effort of the last decade — Common Core State Standards — is contingent upon effective teacher professional development, according to a new report. Interviews were analysed for the teachers’ feedback on the teaching design, their personal standpoint towards the necessity of the intervention, changes in their attitude towards teaching pronunciation (signs of professional development), willingness to take part in design inquiry activities themselves. (2012). The journal covers all stages of the professional development of mathematics teachers and teacher-educators. Teacher professional development in Teaching and Teacher Education over ten years . They were asked to test the design in their classrooms and to suggest alterations to the design in order to adjust the materials to fit their classroom situation. Selectively indexed journals contain an average of 50-79% education-related articles and are critical to topic area coverage; ERIC applies a manual article-by-article selection process and indexes only the articles that conform to the standard and criteria outlined in the ERIC selection policy. As test phase 1 already provided us with data on how teachers prefer to be professionalised, and because most of the teachers were also working in test phase two, and we had another longer set of questions for teachers to fill in, concerning teacher motivation, we did not ask questions about preferable ways of professionalising in test phase 2 (Table 5). A reflective journal being featured is a result of a research finding. 2013) in order to gain data on dispositional variables including attitude, self-efficacy and subjective norm influencing teachers’ motivation to take part in an experimental teaching design using a CAPTT. Professional development initiatives for TEs exist in various formats and scopes. Although student results in test phase one and two did not significantly differ, teacher satisfaction and motivation to use the CAPTT increased. The first part synthesises production referred to learning, facilitation and collaboration, factors influencing professional development, effectiveness of professional development … Journal of Educational Administration, v51 n2 p213-231 2013. This study seeks to look at a critical analysis of the challenges facing Continuing Professional Development (CPD) of academic staff of the colleges of education in Ghana. In order to fully realise the potential of online and blended learning (OBL), teacher professional development (TPD) strategies on how to teach in an online or blended learning environment are needed. The development of new teachers in hard-to-staff schools should be of the highest priority for principals, as stability is key to long-term school improvement. The exploratory, … The first part synthesises production referred to learning, facilitation and collaboration, factors influencing professional development, effectiveness of professional development and issues around the themes. There were two teachers, Andrew and Deejay, with a Dutch/Moroccan background. FH carried out the studies and drafted the manuscript. (2010). (2012). To protect their privacy, names are fictional. Behavioural intention is defined as “an indication of a person’s readiness to perform a behaviour” (Fishbein and Ajzen, 2010). Teachers were invited to participate via email and were asked to take part in a test phase of a newly developed teaching approach for teaching English pronunciation. DeeJay considered both credibility and intelligibility to be important, but was also more interested in the intelligibility part. The Journal of Teacher Education (JTE), the official journal of AACTE, has been a leading voice in the field of teacher preparation for more than 65 years and is one of the most widely read professional journals in the field. We define effective professional development as structured professional learning that results in changes in teacher practices and improvements in student learning outcomes. Intentions is seen as a proxy for actual behaviour; that is, actually using the CAPTT. Desimone, L. M. (2009). November 5, 2020. The recording tasks allowed teachers to give more individual student feedback. In this study we explore the process of teacher professional development and the effect of implementing a new teaching design on the behaviour of teachers. Gone are the times of training for compliance, for certification and tick-box exercises. Professional development (PD) is critical for instructors who are adopting new roles and competencies in online teaching environments. Involving smaller groups of teachers who are able to test and adjust a new pedagogy, might lead to a well-tested and classroom-adjusted pedagogy, which could influence a broader network of teachers and which could even reach those teachers who lack the motivation to get involved in a cycle of design inquiry. The Chronbach’s alpha was very satisfactory (Table 7). Newman E (2013). Six error types (Table 1) were present in the pronunciation of more than 50% of the target group in more than 50% of the cases in which a mistake in those error type categories could be made. (2012). Another teacher disagreed with the statement that a good pronunciation increases the credibility of the speaker. Grades. Garet et al. Results show that teachers are extrinsically motivated to change their teaching behaviour and classroom practice after using a computer assisted teaching tool to teach English pronunciation. Professional development, Learning Experience Platforms (LXPs) and Open Learning Experiences (OLXs) are just a few of the many new buzzwords to flood the L&D industry in the last year or so. Journal Articles. Eight teachers admitted they had never really paid attention to teaching pronunciation (except for the occasional attention given to the th-sounds) before working with the module. The opportunities for individual feedback were limited. Garet et al. Teachers College Record, 102(2), 294–343. With a laptop, phone or tablet and an Internet connection the online module could be used. For some teachers it meant teaching pronunciation differently from how they did it in the past (incidentally correcting individual students on the spot versus teaching pronunciation in a structured way, reaching more students with the same difficulties in a classroom setting). Cohen, D. K., & Hill, H. C. (2000). So the initial evidence of better student outcome does not show the link between teacher professional development and student learning outcome but more the link between the use of the intervention tool (CAPTT) and better student outcome, with the teacher having had more of a facilitating role in test phase 1. )2���sP���:1�rsP>������ �"�(s4�#�Mh�oR ��#�$�0�OAT�p��ܕp���%��>�w��s�r7K��r���$�N,��lM,�`����\a'IL����y�Itd�a�R��BK���Qi�2E�}�b1j�]��V�L�h�3��s�A�� |�^����C1��jְ,�6 �Be�(%A� By using this website, you agree to our The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Privacy Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 78, 317–333. Verloop, N., & Kessels, J. W. M. (2006). The recording tasks required a mobile phone or a tablet (voice recorder) and Wi-Fi in order to send the recordings to the teacher or the Principal Investigator (PI). A range of effective professional development models should be considered. There were no side tracks and there was no unnecessary extra information or technical options added to the necessary information to be learnt about the selected difficulties in pronunciation. (2010). In this study we focus on the effects of an intervention aiming to improve the English pronunciation skills of secondary school students in the Netherlands. Heinemann Catalog-Journal Professional Development Services for K-12 Educators 2018-19 Issue Download Full PD Catalog-Journal (84 pgs) We encourage you to download and share the PD Catalog-Journal articles and resources collected below. The teacher area provided them with background information on phonetics and pronunciation, test materials and keys to all of the assignments. 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